Addressing the annual summit of BRICS leaders a grouping of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, Xi called on all emerging economies to uphold multilateralism and oppose unilateral sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction at a time of unprecedented crisis.
Xi said that the world was caught between a pandemic and momentous changes not seen in 100 years and that all five nations of BRICS were all in the same boat and that ” when the wind is strong and the tides are high, we must be even more focused on our direction”.
Xi said despite the economic and social disruption brought by the coronavirus pandemic, they should be convinced that the theme of our times peace and development has not changed and the trend towards multipolarity and economic globalization cannot be turned.
We should resolve differences through consultation and negotiation, oppose interference in internal affairs, oppose unilateral sanctions and long arm jurisdiction and jointly create a peaceful and stable development environment, Xi said.
Although Xi didn’t mention the US anywhere but the message was directed at the US which under the Trump administration, the US has taken a tough stand against China increasing the disagreements in trade, technology, human rights abuses in Xinjiang and Hong Kong, Taiwan and sanctioning Chinese officials and institutions deemed to have caused harm in Hong Kong and Xinjiang.
The BRICS nations have met annually since 2009 seeking to reform international governance based on their own national interests but the situation is different than it was 10 years ago, we don’t know if there will be a common solution to the problems the five countries are facing right now because BRICS nations don’t have much in the way of common values or goals on climate change.
Brazilian president in 2018 during election campaigns pledged to pull Brazil out of Paris climate accord but later said he would keep the country in the agreement for now and India said at Madrid climate talks last year that it would insist on the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities. India also urged developed countries to take the lead in undertaking ambitious actions and scale up their financial support to developing countries.
India and China agreed to help in the production of Russian vaccine called Sputnik V after Russian president Putin said that covid-19 vaccine developed in Russia work effectively and safely and urged the groups of emerging economies to join forces for Mass production of shots.
Sputnik V vaccine has effectiveness of 92% according to the data released recently but it’s still in early stages of third clinical trials.