How is The U.S. Electoral College Functioning?

Joe Biden, Kamala Harris Named Time’s Person Of The Year
Joe Biden, Kamala Harris Named Time’s Person Of The Year. Photo Credit: Getty Image

What Is Electoral College?

ELECTORAL COLLEGE (Forsige) – America’s founders purposely planned it so that, unlike members of the US Congress who are directly elected, voters do not directly elect the president.

In essence, what this means is that voters vote for a slate of “electors” in each US state, who are promised to vote for a presidential and vice-presidential candidate after the votes are counted and certified.

The framework makes it possible for a candidate to win the popular national vote but lose in the Electoral College, something that has happened five times in US history, most recently in 2016 when, despite receiving almost three million fewer votes, Donald Trump beat Hillary Clinton.

How Does The Electoral College Work?

Through a method called the electoral college, the winner of the election is decided. A number of electoral college votes are given to each of the 50 states plus Washington DC, adding up to a total of 538 votes. More populated states earn more than smaller electoral college votes.

To win the presidency, a nominee needs to win 270 electoral college votes (50 percent plus one).

In every state except two, Maine and Nebraska, all of the state’s electoral college votes are won by the candidate who gets the most votes.

A candidate will win the election because of these rules without having the most votes at the national level. This occurred in the last election, in which, while more people voted for Hillary Clinton around the US, Donald Trump secured a majority of the electoral college votes.

Americans also elect members of the two houses of Congress, the U.S. ‘s largest legislative body. The Senate and the House of Representatives are those houses.

The capacity of the president to implement key policies is significantly restricted without support in the Senate and the House.

Which States Ought U.S. To Watch?

There are a dozen or so “battleground states,” states in which it is uncertain which candidate is going to win.

In crucial flashpoints, Forsige has reports and here you can read their overviews of those states: Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin.

These states are where most of their money was spent on TV and digital ads by the presidential campaigns, as well as where most of their campaign travel was based.

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